"The primary form of diplomacy, the so-called special mission, has been known for centuries . Even in the Bible one may read about the mission of the Queen of Sheba to the King of Israel, Solomon Special missions also functioned in the culture and law of Greece, the Roman Empire, Egypt, Babylon, Persia and China, in the Byzantine Empire and the Italian city- states . The well-established historical identity of special missions (includ­ing the forms of evolutionary changes) is currently experiencing a revival, especially after the entry into force of the New York Convention of 1969- Currently, the sphere of diplomatic relations uses technical innovations in the area of various forms of communication and interpersonal (and interstate) exchange . Modern technological solutions also serve well the development of special missions, the operation of which is based on the proven principles of the past

It must be remembered that nowadays three models of mission func­tioning are commonly implemented. The first (typical) one is based on the principle of voluntary sending and receiving of missions as well as the necessity for expressing the consent by the state sending and the state receiving the special missions . The scope of the privileges is almost the same as in the case of permanent diplomatic missions The second model, referred to as a political one, details the issues of functions of the mission, the start and end of the mission, the policy of establishment and adoption of the mission and the recognition of the head of the mission as persona non grata. In the third (conference) model, we are dealing with three entities of the conference mission: the sending state, the host state of an interna­tional conference and the conference as a joint body of the sending states . This model assumes a simultaneous congress of special missions of many countries to conduct joint negotiations

Special missions as institutions of public international law deserve spe­cial consideration also due to the special legal structures adopted in con­nection therewith (especially in the Convention) . Attention should also be paid to the legal status of the special mission members, its composition, the regulations concerning the seat of the mission, security of facilities and inviolability of the mission members . The Convention also includes the provisions on the freedom of functioning of the mission

The diversity of forms of the missions and various kinds thereof mani­fest the importance of this form of diplomacy in modern and ancient times." 

REVIEW OF COMPARATIVE LAW
VOLUME XVIII
YEAR 2013

THE CONCEPT AND CLASSIFICATION OF SPECIAL MISSIONS
UNDER INTERNATIONAL LAW DOCTRINE

Jerzy Nikolajew*

* Jerzy Nikolajew, PhD, a lecturer in the Department of International Economic Relations and the Public Economics of the Field Branch of Legal and Economic Sciences at the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin in Tomaszow Lubelski . 

consular.post

 

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